EU chief says UK cannot change EU-UK withdrawal agreement

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)

Credit: Francisco Seco

Credit: Francisco Seco

The president of the European Union’s executive arm says the United Kingdom cannot unilaterally change the bilateral Brexit agreement without destroying global trust in the country

BRUSSELS (AP) — The president of the European Union's executive arm said Wednesday that the United Kingdom cannot unilaterally change the bilateral Brexit agreement without destroying global trust in the country.

Insisting that chances for a future trade deal were slipping away by the day, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen told EU lawmakers that plans by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to renege on parts of the U.K.-EU withdrawal agreement dimmed those hopes even further.

What's more, von der Leyen asserted, Britain is throwing its good name to the wind by not respecting a deal it signed in December.

“It cannot be unilaterally changed, disregarded,"" she said in her State of the Union address. “This is a matter of law and trust and good faith.”

Von der Leyen drove home the point by quoting from a 1975 speech by former British prime minister and conservative icon Margaret Thatcher.

“Britain does not break treaties. It would be bad for Britain, bad for our relations with the rest of the world and bad for any future treaty on trade," von der Leyen quoted Thatcher's speech as saying.

Johnson has called his plan to unilaterally rewrite Britain’s divorce deal with the EU an insurance policy against any unreasonable behavior by the bloc.

The prime minister said his proposed law gives the U.K. government the power to override portions of the withdrawal agreement because the EU might “go to extreme and unreasonable lengths” in its treatment of former member Britain.

Under persistent questioning by Labour lawmaker Hilary Benn during a parliamentary committee hearing Wednesday, Johnson was asked whether the EU was “negotiating in good faith.”

“I don’t believe they are,″ he said. Johnson added later in the hearing: “It is always possible that I am mistaken, and perhaps they will prove my suspicions wrong.″

Five former British prime ministers have criticized Johnson's willingness to break international law. The government's top law officer for Scotland resigned Wednesday because of concerns about Johnson's legislation.

Johnson later secured support for an amendment meant to assuage the discomfort among members of his Conservative Party. The compromise would allow lawmakers to vote before the government took any actions that broke international law.

Von der Leyen said the EU would always respect the agreements that get its signature and “we will never backtrack on that."

The U.K. withdrew from the EU's political institutions on Jan. 31 but remains in a tariff-free transition period until the end of the year while negotiators work out the terms of a future trade relationship.

The European Parliament would need to approve any trade deal, and the leader of the biggest group of the legislature, said that any deal would stand no chance with EU lawmakers if the U.K. disrespected even the slightest paragraph of the Brexit agreement.

“It makes no sense to negotiate a future agreement (with) a British prime minister who is throwing out of the window the agreement that he signed himself," Manfred Weber of the center-right European People's Party said.

Weber warned: “Great Britain, you are losing your credibility at the global level.”

In this grab taken from video, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons, London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. (House of Commons/PA via AP)
In this grab taken from video, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons, London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. (House of Commons/PA via AP)

Credit: Uncredited

Credit: Uncredited

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (AP Photo, Francisco Seco)
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (AP Photo, Francisco Seco)

Credit: Francisco Seco

Credit: Francisco Seco

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (AP Photo, Francisco Seco)
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (AP Photo, Francisco Seco)

Credit: Francisco Seco

Credit: Francisco Seco

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (AP Photo, Francisco Seco)
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (AP Photo, Francisco Seco)

Credit: Francisco Seco

Credit: Francisco Seco

In this handout photo provided by UK Parliament, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. U.K. lawmakers have criticized the government’s handling of the COVID-19 testing crisis for a second day as opposition leaders say Prime Minister Boris Johnson lacked a cohesive plan to tackle the virus as the country faces a second wave in the pandemic. (Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament via AP)
In this handout photo provided by UK Parliament, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. U.K. lawmakers have criticized the government’s handling of the COVID-19 testing crisis for a second day as opposition leaders say Prime Minister Boris Johnson lacked a cohesive plan to tackle the virus as the country faces a second wave in the pandemic. (Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament via AP)

Credit: JESSICA TAYLOR

Credit: JESSICA TAYLOR

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen arrives at the plenary ahead of her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (Olivier Hoslet, Pool via AP)
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen arrives at the plenary ahead of her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (Olivier Hoslet, Pool via AP)

Credit: Olivier Hoslet

Credit: Olivier Hoslet

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (Olivier Hoslet, Pool via AP)
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (Olivier Hoslet, Pool via AP)

Credit: Olivier Hoslet

Credit: Olivier Hoslet

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (Olivier Hoslet, Pool via AP)
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen addresses the plenary during her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (Olivier Hoslet, Pool via AP)

Credit: Olivier Hoslet

Credit: Olivier Hoslet

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen arrives at the plenary ahead of her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (Olivier Hoslet, Pool via AP)
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen arrives at the plenary ahead of her first State of the Union speech at the European Parliament in Brussels, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will set out her vision of the future in her first State of the European Union address to the EU legislators. Weakened by the COVID-19 pandemic and the departure of the United Kingdom, she will center her speech on how the bloc should adapt to the challenges of the future, including global warming, the switch to a digital economy and immigration. (Olivier Hoslet, Pool via AP)

Credit: Olivier Hoslet

Credit: Olivier Hoslet

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaves 10 Downing Street in London, to attend the weekly Prime Minister's Questions at the Houses of Parliament, in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaves 10 Downing Street in London, to attend the weekly Prime Minister's Questions at the Houses of Parliament, in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)

Credit: Matt Dunham

Credit: Matt Dunham

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaves 10 Downing Street in London, to attend the weekly Prime Minister's Questions at the Houses of Parliament, in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaves 10 Downing Street in London, to attend the weekly Prime Minister's Questions at the Houses of Parliament, in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)

Credit: Matt Dunham

Credit: Matt Dunham

In this handout photo provided by UK Parliament, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. U.K. lawmakers have criticized the government’s handling of the COVID-19 testing crisis for a second day as opposition leaders say Prime Minister Boris Johnson lacked a cohesive plan to tackle the virus as the country faces a second wave in the pandemic. (Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament via AP)
In this handout photo provided by UK Parliament, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. U.K. lawmakers have criticized the government’s handling of the COVID-19 testing crisis for a second day as opposition leaders say Prime Minister Boris Johnson lacked a cohesive plan to tackle the virus as the country faces a second wave in the pandemic. (Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament via AP)

Credit: JESSICA TAYLOR

Credit: JESSICA TAYLOR

In this handout photo provided by UK Parliament, Shadow First Secretary Angela Rayner, speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. U.K. lawmakers have criticized the government’s handling of the COVID-19 testing crisis for a second day as opposition leaders say Prime Minister Boris Johnson lacked a cohesive plan to tackle the virus as the country faces a second wave in the pandemic. (Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament via AP)
In this handout photo provided by UK Parliament, Shadow First Secretary Angela Rayner, speaks during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons in London, Wednesday, Sept. 16, 2020. U.K. lawmakers have criticized the government’s handling of the COVID-19 testing crisis for a second day as opposition leaders say Prime Minister Boris Johnson lacked a cohesive plan to tackle the virus as the country faces a second wave in the pandemic. (Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament via AP)

Credit: JESSICA TAYLOR

Credit: JESSICA TAYLOR