In May, the legislature amended Hong Kong’s electoral laws to ensure that only “patriots” — people who are loyal to China and the semi-autonomous territory — will rule the city. The committee also was expanded to 1,500 members, from 1,200, and the number of direct voters for committee seats was reduced from about 246,000 to less than 8,000.
The restructured electoral process guarantees a vast majority of the Elections Committee will be largely pro-Beijing candidates, who are likely to choose a chief executive and nearly half of lawmakers who are aligned with the ruling Chinese Communist Party.
The changes are part of a broad crackdown on Hong Kong civil society following mass pro-democracy protests in 2019. Authorities have tightened control over the former British colony with a sweeping national security la
w imposed by China’s Communist Party that effectively criminalized opposition to the government. The law and other changes have forced several civil organizations to disband or seen their leaders arrested.
The only opposition-leaning candidate was elected in the social welfare sector. Of the more than 400 candidates who were running for seats Sunday, just two were friendly to the opposition camp in Hong Kong, with the rest being pro-Beijing candidates.
Candidates in the elections were vetted by a small but powerful committee headed by Chief Secretary John Lee to ensure that they meet the requirements for office, which include upholding the the city's Basic Law, its mini constitution, and pledging allegiance to Hong Kong.
“After improving the electoral system, the new Election Committee consists of a number of subsectors and is broadly representative,” the Hong Kong government said in a statement Monday.
“This new constitutional function will facilitate rational interaction between the executive authorities and the legislature, and effectively enhance governance efficiency,” it said.
“Today’s Election Committee elections are very meaningful as it is the first elections held after we have improved the electoral system to ensure that only patriots can take office,” Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam said Sunday. It’s not yet known if Lam will seek reelection in March.
Separately, Hong Kong national security police on Monday arrested three members of the political organization Student Politicism. The three were arrested on suspicion of conspiracy to incite subversion, according to Li Kwai-wah, senior superintendent of the police national security division.
They are accused of using social media and setting up street booths to disseminate messages that endangered national security, even after the national security law came into effect last year.
The messages incited hatred toward the government and urged others not to obey the laws of Hong Kong, police said.
The student group, which was set up in May last year, is one of the few pro-democracy political organizations left in Hong Kong. Many political and opposition groups have ceased to operate following the implementation of the national security law.
Critics say the national security law and electoral changes restrict freedoms Hong Kong was promised it could maintain for 50 years following the territory’s 1997 handover to China from Britain, which ruled the city as a colony beginning in 1841.
More than 140 people have been arrested under the security law, which outlaws secession, subversion, terrorism and foreign collusion to intervene in the city’s affairs.
Soo reported from Singapore.
Wong Yat-chin, second from right, leader of Hong Kong Student Politicism escorted after being arrested by national security police in Hong Kong, Monday, Sept. 20, 2021. Hong Kong national security police on Monday arrested at least two members of the Hong Kong Student Politicism, including Wong and and secretary Chan Chi-sum, amid a sweeping crackdown on dissent in the semi-autonomous Chinese city. (AP Photo)