President Donald Trump. Getty Image

Trump proposes 5% increase in defense spending, cuts in non-defense budget

In all, the budget plan includes $718 billion for defense, including funding for the largest pay increase in a decade for the military as well as the creation of the United States Space Force. Specific details for how the budget plan would impact Wright-Patterson Air Force Base were not released Monday.

The budget does not include any money for an additional anti-missile defense site in Ohio, although it calls for continued work at an anti-missile site in Alaska. Ohio officials are lobbying the Trump administration to select Camp Garfield in Portage County for a new site, although some analysts said there is no reason to ask Congress for money until the Pentagon picks a location.

The administration’s plan would invest more than $80 billion for veterans services, a nearly 10 percent increase from current levels, including “significant” investments in rehabilitation, employment assistance and suicide prevention.

Discretionary non-military spending was set for a 5 percent decrease, defense would see a 5 percent increase.

RELATED: Budget cuts education money, expands choice

Trump’s budget claims it would balance the budget within 15 years. Independent budget analysts such as the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget sharply rejected that claim, saying his plans will add at least $7.8 trillion to the publicly–held debt during the next decade.

The budget, which would cover the federal spending year that begins in October, would cut $2.7 trillion in non-defense spending during the next 10 years.

Trump wants Congress to approve an additional $8.6 billion to continue construction of a barrier along the Mexican border as well as $330 million for the Justice Department to combat the spread of opioids

Prescription drug costs for Medicare beneficiaries

President Trump’s budget proposes a hard limit to what Medicare beneficiaries have to pay for prescription medications, an idea with bipartisan support in Congress.

JAMIE DUPREE: Trump plan envisions balanced budget in 15 years

Trump’s budget claims it would balance the budget within 15 years. Independent budget analysts such as the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget sharply rejected that claim, saying his plans will add at least $7.8 trillion to the publicly–held debt during the next decade.

The budget, which would cover the federal spending year that begins in October, would cut $2.7 trillion in non-defense spending during the next 10 years.

Trump wants Congress to approve an additional $8.6 billion to continue construction of a barrier along the Mexican border as well as $330 million for the Justice Department to combat the spread of opioids.

Prescription drug costs for Medicare beneficiaries

President Trump’s budget proposes a hard limit to what Medicare beneficiaries have to pay for prescription medications, an idea with bipartisan support in Congress.

READ THE WHITE HOUSE BUDGET PROPOSAL

The Medicare prescription drug benefit was enacted more than 15 years ago, before drugs costing $1,000 a pill or more came along. Right now beneficiaries with high costs face a co-pay of just 5 percent, but that can still amount to thousands of dollars for the most expensive medications.

The actual dollar amount of the cost cap would be determined in conjunction with Congress. One lawmaker’s proposal would set the limit at about $2,650.

The cap on cost sharing is part of several changes the budget would make to Medicare’s popular “Part D” prescription benefit. It’s not clear if all will find support.

Cuts to Lake Erie cleanup funds

The administration wants to cut the money for the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative from $300 million this year to just $30 million next year.

Last year, the administration ended all money for Great Lakes cleanup only to have a coalition of lawmakers from both parties restore the $300 million.

“For the past few years, no matter whether it was a Republican or Democratic-led administration, there have been attempts to cut or eliminate funding for the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative,” said Sen. Rob Portman, R-Ohio. “And every year, we have successfully defeated those efforts and ensured that this critical program receives full funding.”

Sen. Sherrod Brown, D-Ohio, said Trump “is asking Ohioans to pay for tax cuts for millionaires by gutting Great Lakes programs and eliminating economic development efforts.”

Budget details Trump’s goals for coming year

Though the proposal is simply as described — a proposal — it offers the best indication of what Trump will push for in the coming year. Many of the less-controversial items will likely end up in the appropriations bills passed by Congress. But in a year when Trump faces a Democratic-led House for the first time in his presidency, the controversial items will likely provoke bitter fights.

“The president’s budget request, like all presidents’ requests, is just that — a request — and really is an exercise in futility,” said Columbus-area Rep. Steve Stivers, R-Upper Arlington. “Historically, Congress has crafted its own budget without using the president’s blueprint, and I have no reason to believe that this year will be any different.”

For example, there is no chance that Congress will approve the administration’s request to scrap the 2010 health law known as Obamacare and offer states money to design their own subsidized individual insurance plans for middle-income people.

In addition, House Democrats are certain to reject the administration’s call to transform Medicaid, which provides health cover for low-income people, into block grants for the states.

Non-military federal agencies would be tasked with reducing spending by 5 percent across the board. Trump’s plan comes roughly a month after an impasse between Congress and the White House sharp enough to cause the longest partial government shutdown in U.S. history.

Acting Office of Management and Budget Director Russ Vought said the proposed cuts were spurred by soaring deficits, saying “we have a real problem that is not the result of our economic policies.”

He said the budget “will have more reductions in spending than any president in history has ever proposed in concert with our first two budgets,” dismissing the notion that Trump’s tax cuts had contributed to the deficits.

In addition to money to build the wall, Trump wants $506 million to hire more than 2,800 law enforcement officers and staff for the U.S. Customs and Border Protection and U.S. Immigration and Custom Enforcement.

Trump also proposed a federal tax credit of up to $50 billion for school choice over 10 years and $327 billion for welfare reform over the next decade, including even more stringent work requirements, and said the proposal would make the Trump tax cuts permanent.

Critics charged that the budget assumes optimistic levels of economic growth to bring the debt under control.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

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