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Vaping, designed as a tobacco alternative to help smokers wean off cigarettes, uses vapor to deliver specific amounts of nicotine through an electronic device.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, use among middle and high school students tripled from 2013 to 2014.
The science is less clear when it comes to defining the health effects of inhaling these vapors. Even the U.S. Food and Drug Administration admits it's in the early stages of trying to define public health risks associated with the habit.
Vaping shops are popping up all over to meet increased demand. Though 18 is the legal age to buy products over the counter in Georgia, it's easy enough for an underage teenager with a debit card to click a box online to have hardware and vaping liquids delivered right to their door.
In flavors banned for cigarettes in the United States because of their appeal to kids, vape liquids — or e-juices — come in many fruity and candy flavors. Their cloying odor was what first clued Conyers parent Lisa Hetzel into her son's vaping activity at home.
"My son had friends sleeping over, and when I woke up in the middle of the night to check on them, I noticed that the room had an overwhelming odor of fruit punch. It was like the strong smell in your face when you mix up a pitcher of Kool-Aid," she said.
There's no way to tell from fragrance alone what might be hidden in the vaping liquid. Many teens inhale the sweet fluids unadulterated.
Common additives include nicotine and caffeine, both substances found in high doses to have negative effects on adolescent brain development. Because buyers choose the amounts of nicotine or caffeine added to their liquid, it's possible for a hit on an e-cigarette to meet or even exceed the levels of nicotine found in a conventional cigarette, or deliver a buzz rivaling an energy drink.
E-cigarettes can also be used to vaporize cannabis oil or melt highly concentrated "dabs," a crystallized form of hashish. These products eliminate the tell-tale odor produced by burning regular marijuana joints, which removes one key clue for parents to detect that their teenagers are getting high.
Read the complete story at the Atlanta Journal-Constitution.