What You Need to Know: Tara Grinstead Murder Case

Tara Grinstead's killing: Hearing will determine how case of slain teacher moves forward

>> On AJC.com: Ga. Supreme Court tosses out gag order in Tara Grinstead case

Among the key issues a judge must decide: Whether most charges should be dropped because too much time has passed since the crime, and whether the trial should be moved from Irwin County in South Georgia.

Chuck Boring, a Cobb County assistant district attorney who is not involved with the case, said moving the trial might be unnecessary. It’s OK for jurors selected for the trial to already have an opinion on the case, he said. “It’s whether that opinion is so fixed that it cannot be changed by the evidence” that might disqualify them, Boring said.

>> On AJC.com: Defense wants trial moved in Tara Grinstead case

Though the facts surrounding Grinstead’s disappearance have been widely publicized, other key details haven’t been released, including how and when investigators believe she was killed.

Grinstead, 30, an Irwin County High School teacher and former beauty queen, was last seen on Oct. 22, 2005, when she left a cookout and said she was going straight home. Two days later, she was reported missing when she didn’t show up to teach history. There were few clues to her disappearance. Her cellphone was found in her home, but her purse and keys were gone, though her unlocked car was in the driveway.

>> On AJC.com: Indictment: Tara Grinstead’s body was burned after she was killed

There was a massive search that lasted for months to find Grinstead. Her school portrait appeared on countless billboards. But the case went cold — for more than 11 years. In early 2017, two of Grinstead’s former students, Ryan Alexander Duke and Bo Dukes, were both charged in connection with her disappearance.

Suspect Ryan Duke made his first court appearance on Thursday, Feb. 23, 2017.
Photo: WSBTV.com

According to arrest warrants, investigators believe Duke killed Grinstead and Dukes helped hide her body. In April 2017, a grand jury indicted Duke on six counts, including malice murder, felony murder, aggravated assault, burglary and concealing the death of another. In June 2017, Dukes was indicted on charges including concealing a death, tampering with evidence, and hindering apprehension of a criminal.

But according to court documents filed in August by Duke’s previous defense team, investigators knew within weeks of Grinstead’s disappearance that Duke and Dukes were involved. And because it took so long to arrest the suspects, most of the charges should be dropped due to the statute of limitations, the motion states. In Georgia, there is no statute of limitations on a murder charge.

>> On AJC.com: Suspect in Tara Grinstead’s killing hires Cobb County attorneys

“It is undisputed that Irwin County law enforcement knew of these crimes within months of the disappearance of Tara Grinstead,” a court motion states. “In fact, a search of the area where Ms. Grinstead’s body was allegedly burned was conducted…”

In August, Cobb County attorneys Ashleigh and John Merchant announced they would now be representing Duke.

Attorney Philip Holloway is not directly involved in the Grinstead case, but has been featured on a popular podcast about the Grinstead case, “Up and Vanished.” Whether the delay in pursuing the suspects was an oversight on the part of law enforcement due to the case changing hands over the years, Holloway says the defense has a strong argument for dropping most of the charges.

“It’s without question that despite what the GBI said, it’s clear that he was on law enforcement’s radar, and he was on their radar within months of this happening,” Holloway said.

>> On AJC.com: Alleged accomplice in Grinstead case enters not guilty plea

When Duke was arrested in February 2017, the GBI said the suspect had not previously been on the radar.

Longtime prosecutor Don Geary, who now works as a defense attorney, said even if other charges are dropped, prosecutors could seek the death penalty against Duke, if he’s convicted.

“In Georgia, they can still get life without parole,” Geary said.

Even if charges are dropped against Duke, evidence used to bring the charges could still be used in court, according to the attorneys.

The attorneys agree that despite the logistical challenges of moving the trial to another county, it may be necessary due to the publicity the case has received over the years.

“The chances of the change of venue being granted are about 99.9 percent,” Holloway said. “Nobody can realistically dispute that the jury in Irwin County is tainted by what they know or what what they think they know.”

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Moving the trial could eliminate appeals down the road, Geary said.

“If it really is an issue, make it go away,” Geary said. “You don’t want someone coming back second-guessing.”

Arguments for the change of venue and the other 32 motions will be heard beginning Monday in the Irwin County Courthouse. Judge Bill Reinhardt, the chief judge of the Tifton Circuit of Georgia, will preside. Duke and his attorneys, along with Irwin County prosecutors, are expected to attend the hearing, which could continue Tuesday. It’s not known whether Reinhardt will immediately rule on the motions.

– Visit AJC.com throughout the day Monday to read more as the hearing progresses.

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