As the partial government shutdown continues, around 800,000 federal employees are either working without pay or have been furloughed – told to stay home.
Both of those situations mean that those federal workers will not be collecting a paycheck until the shutdown comes to an end.
While the hundreds of thousands of employees have missed at least one paycheck, those who are tasked with crafting and passing the legislation that will fund the government are still getting paid.
Members of Congress, in addition to the president, vice president, Cabinet members and others are still collecting their pay. Below is a list of how much they make and why their pay is not impacted by the partial shutdown.
Who isn’t getting paid?
About 300,000 federal employees have been furloughed – sent home from their jobs without being paid.
The other 500,000 federal employees are deemed “essential,” so they are working, but are not getting a paycheck. TSA agents are in this group, as are FBI agents. The 500,000 essential employees will receive back pay for the time they worked.
The 300,000 furloughed employees may not.
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Who is getting paid and why?
Those who are getting paid amid the partial shutdown include:
The vice president
Members of the House and the Senate
Some administration officials
Supreme Court Justices
Service members in the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines – they are funded through the Department of Defense budget which was passed late last year. However, members of the Coast Guard, which is funded through the Department of Homeland Security, are not being paid.
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How much are they making?
Here is a look at the annual salaries for members of Congress, the administration, Cabinet members and the justices on the Supreme Court.
Speaker of the House (Nancy Pelosi, D-California): $223,500
House majority and minority leaders (Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, D-Maryland,
Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy, R-California): $193,400
Senate president pro tempore (Charles Grassley, R-Iowa): $193,400
Senate majority and minority leaders (Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Kentucky,
Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-New York): $193,400
All representatives (including delegates and the resident commissioner from Puerto Rico): $174,000
Chief administrative officer: $172,500
Clerk of the House: $172,500
Sergeant at arms: $172,500
Legislative counsel: $172,500
Law revision counsel: $172,500
Inspector general: $172,500
Director, interparliamentary affairs: $172,500
General counsel to the House: $172,500
All senators: $174,000
Secretary of the Senate: $172,500
Sergeant at arms and doorkeeper: $172,500
Legislative counsel: $172,500
Legal counsel: $172,500
President (Donald Trump): $400,000 – Trump donates his salary to various government programs.
Vice President (Mike Pence): $230,700
Cabinet members: $199,700
Supreme Court Justices:
Chief Justice (John Roberts): $267,000
Associate Justices: $255,300
Why are they getting paid?
The short answer is they are getting paid because the Constitution says so.
The salaries of senators and representatives are paid by the treasury and are set by Congress itself. Because they set their salaries, members of Congress must follow specific rules when it comes to changing their pay.
First, members of congress are paid under legislation that is separate from the appropriations bill that funds most of the government. That means the pot of money members of Congress are paid out of is not the same budget used to pay other federal employees.
According to Article I, Section 6 of the Constitution, Congress may not pass any bill that affects pay during its current term. So even if Congress members wanted to vote to suspend their pay during a partial government shutdown, that legislation could not take effect until at least 2020.
The president's salary is covered in the Constitution in Article II, Section 1. Congress can change a president's salary, but not during his or her term.
Who is voluntarily having their pay withheld?
More than 70 representatives and senators have asked that their pay be withheld or donated to a charity, according to a CNN story. Click here to see the list of those congressmen and women.
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