Parents should also know the signs of hypothermia and frostbite.
“Frostbite is characterized by numb fingers, ears and noses, and it can eventually lead to redness and pain,” she said. The skin can sometimes feel hard and look waxy.”
Hypothermia occurs when a person’s body has a dangerous decrease in temperature. It can affect brain and muscle functions and needs immediate medical attention.
If your child is experiencing frostbite or hypothermia, take the following steps immediately to treat the affected areas:
- Replace wet clothing on a child with warm, dry clothes.
- Soak the affected area in warm, not hot, water that is around 104 to 108 degrees until the child can feel sensation in the area.
- Avoid rubbing, which can cause tissue damage to the area.
- Don’t warm the affected area by a fire or space heater, which could result in burns.
- Give your child warm beverages, such as hot cocoa, tea or milk.
- If the child’s skin is discolored or has lost sensation, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department.