"I can't really tell you how I survived," Mukwege told the BBC in 2013.
Seeing the atrocities visited on women during wartime affected the doctor.
"I started to ask myself what was going on, Mukwege told the BBC. "These weren't just violent acts of war, but part of a strategy. You had situations where multiple people were raped at the same time, publicly -- a whole village might be raped during the night. In doing this, they hurt not just the victims but the whole community, which they force to watch."
"After what has happened to me, I have a new understanding," Mukwege wrote in The New York Times in 2012. "I have seen what has been done to them. I have heard them tell me that armed attackers raped them and killed their husband, raped them and killed their children."