With the data from the 14 studies, researchers found that AI and human medical professionals are identifying diseases at about the same rate. When detecting diseases, deep learning systems were accurate 87% of the time compared to 86% of medical professionals.
According to researchers there is a lot of promise in the field of AI, but the issue is there needs to be improvements in study design.
“Evidence on how AI algorithms will change patient outcomes needs to come from comparisons with alternative diagnostic tests in randomized controlled trials,” Livia Faes, from Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, said in a statement.
"So far, there are hardly any such trials where diagnostic decisions made by an AI algorithm are acted upon to see what then happens to outcomes which really matter to patients, like timely treatment, time to discharge from hospital, or even survival rates."