This week is a great example of a weather set up which could lead to frost quakes occurring. The Miami Valley had anywhere from 1½ to almost 4 inches of rain over the past week and temperatures have been shifting dramatically.
Thursday we hit 61 degrees, and by Saturday morning we will have dropped to 8 degrees. This sudden drop in temperatures can lead the water in the soil or rock to freeze. When the moisture freezes, it expands and can cause the soil and rock to crack. The cracking can produce booms or pops that you hear above ground.