About two miles away, the Soda Springs ski resort began using 100 percent recycled water in 2015 for all of its snow-making efforts.
Vail Resorts — the Colorado company that owns 11 ski resorts, including Heavenly, Northstar and Kirkwood in California — has vowed to eliminate all emissions and waste sent to landfills for the entire company by 2030.
“We believe climate change is one of the most significant challenges facing every country, every business and every person on our planet, and we all have a shared responsibility to address it,” said Beth Ganz, Vail Resorts’ vice president of public affairs and sustainability.
Ski resort operators say there is a sound business reason behind such efforts. Not only do the resorts expect to save money over the long run by turning to renewable energy and cutting waste, but they also hope to appeal to skiers — particularly millennials — who put a premium on environmentally friendly travel destinations.
“They are going to support brands that they see a piece of themselves in,” said Laura Schaffer, a spokeswoman for Powdr, the Utah parent company of the Boreal and Soda Springs ski resorts.
A 2016 study sponsored by Visit California, the tourism agency for the state, found that 63 percent of travelers say they are much more likely to consider visiting destinations where there is a strong effort to conserve and protect natural resources.
At Boreal, 78 percent of the 250 guests who were questioned said environmental sustainability is important to them.
But some local skiers say other factors — location, price and snow quality — are more important in helping them decide where to ski.
“Everybody is for renewable energy,” said Richard Murray, president of the Conejo Ski & Sports Club, which organizes regular visits to Mammoth Mountain in the Eastern Sierra, Sun Valley resort in Idaho and Aspen Snowmass in Colorado. “It’s a good thing, but we wouldn’t make a decision based on that.”
Bruce Lee, president of the Beach Cities Ski Club in Hermosa Beach, also said other factors, such as snow conditions, play a bigger role in deciding where to ski.
“I’m looking at the resort and the resort’s amenities,” he said. “I’m not sure (renewable energy) swings me to go to one place over another.”
None of the resorts that have adopted the renewable energy projects are promising to lower ski lift prices as a result.
Renewable energy is not always cheaper than the power offered by traditional utility companies because power rates can vary depending on the price of the coal, natural gas and other resources used by traditional utility companies.
But Sara Baldwin Auck, director of regulatory programs for the nonprofit Interstate Renewable Energy Council, said renewable energy can be cheaper and less volatile in price over the long run than traditional energy.
“By locking in long-term renewable energy contracts and a dedicated set of facilities over time, they definitely will be reaping long-term savings,” she said.
Boreal says the solar panels it has installed are expected to save $1.5 million in energy costs over 30 years.
To convert to renewable energy, Squaw Valley and Alpine Meadows have teamed up with Liberty Utilities Co., the electricity provider for the Lake Tahoe area.
The company delivers water, natural gas and electricity in 12 states.
Liberty now generates 25 percent of its energy from renewable sources and says it plans to develop “a series of projects,” primarily involving solar power facilities, to achieve the 100 percent goal.
Squaw Valley is also working with Liberty Utilities to build a power storage “microgrid” facility on the slope to store some of the energy produced by Liberty.
The power company is talking to Tesla, the Elon Musk-led company, to develop the power storage project, which still needs the approval of state and local regulators.
The batteries would store electricity when demand is low and discharge the power when demand is high or in the event of a power outage.
At Squaw Valley, the power storage facility is intended to supply energy for the entire Olympic Valley, an unincorporated community that includes the ski resort. Skiers on the slope may benefit when the storage facility is switched on during power outages that would otherwise strand skiers on disabled lifts.