SUDDES: Dobbs decision will make Ohio Supreme Court races more interesting



The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision to give states ultimate jurisdiction over abortion could make and likely will make this year’s Ohio (state) Supreme Court races even more lively than they already were destined to be.

That’s because a newly filed court case, backed by abortion clinics, may rank abortion front-and-center among the Ohio high court’s key issues when Ohioans elect or re-elect three state Supreme Court justices this November.

The starting gun went off Wednesday when Ohio abortion providers filed a state Supreme Court suit seeking to overturn Ohio’s so-called “heartbeat bill.” (On Friday, the court refused an immediate stay of the heartbeat bill.)

That measure forbids abortion after about six weeks of pregnancy, at a time when a woman may not even know she is pregnant – that is, it forestalls women’s options.

Before Ohio’s heartbeat bill took effect, when a federal stay was lifted June 24 – same day the U.S. Supreme Court spiked Roe vs. Wade – abortion was legal in Ohio until 22 weeks into a pregnancy, the plaintiff’s complaint says.

One argument Wednesday’s lawsuit makes is that part of the Ohio Constitution – adopted, ironically, but ineffectively, to block the Affordable Care Act (“Obamacare”) – forbids Ohio to interfere in women’s health-care decision-making.

The amendment’s official heading says it’s aimed at the “preservation of the freedom to choose health care and health care coverage.” And its text says, “No federal, state, or local law or rule shall prohibit the purchase or sale of health care or health insurance … [or] impose a penalty or fine for the sale or purchase of health care or health insurance.” Thus, the amendment, the pro-choice plaintiffs argue, “expressly provides for the protection of individual autonomy in medical decision-making,” something the heartbeat bill clearly blocks.

The state Supreme Court has four Republican justices and three Democratic justices, with retiring Republican Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor a swing vote in some cases

In any event, O’Connor is retiring. Vying to succeed her are (associate) Justices Jennifer Brunner, a Democrat, and Sharon Kennedy, a Republican.

The Cincinnati Enquirer has reported that, “in a 2014 questionnaire for Greater Cincinnati Right to Life, Kennedy agreed with the statements: ‘an unborn child is biologically human at every stage of his or her biological development, beginning at fertilization.’ "

Also on November’s Supreme Court ballot are incumbent Republican Justices R. Patrick (Pat) DeWine and Patrick Fischer. Challenging Pat DeWine is Democratic 1st District Court of Appeals Judge Marilyn Zayas of Cincinnati. Challenging Fischer is Democratic 10th District Court of Appeals Judge Terri Jamison of Columbus.

In March, the Ohio Right to Life PAC endorsed Kennedy, DeWine and Fischer.

The federal Supreme Court’s decision transferred the anti- and pro-abortion wars to state capitols. And given the passionate beliefs all sides have in the abortion debate, partisanship that engulfs the Statehouse will likely intensify.

That’s all the more so true because no sooner will 2022 elections be decided than 2024 will beckon because a U.S. Senate seat (Democrat Sherrod Brown’s) will be on that year’s ballot – and the Statehouse is Ohio’s soapbox.

Moreover, if Republican Gov. Mike DeWine is re-elected – his Democratic challenger is former Dayton Mayor Nan Whaley – he’ll be a lame-duck because Ohio forbids anyone to serve for more than two consecutive terms as governor. Although Republican Lt. Gov. Jon Husted is DeWine’s heir-apparent, nothing can be certain in a Statehouse whose term-limited state senators and term-limited state representatives confront two key questions: What’s my next job? And how can I grandstand enough to land it?

Thomas Suddes is a former legislative reporter with The Plain Dealer in Cleveland and writes from Ohio University.

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