The number of suicide deaths by Ohio children and young adults has dramatically increased in the past decade and is among the top health concerns in the state, according to a new report.
The report by Health Policy Institute of Ohio, which does nonpartisan research to guide state policy, showed suicide deaths have increased more than two-fold for ages 8 to 17 from 35 deaths 2007 to 80 deaths last year. For ages 18 to 25, the number of deaths by suicide was 225 in 2017, up from 155 in 2007.
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The report also detailed other emotional and behavioral health needs, including the need for more access to services and workers, trauma-informed care and evidence-based programs implemented in schools.
Reem Aly, primary author of the report, said the research shows the importance of a comprehensive approach to social and emotional health programs instead of a piecemeal approach.
“There is funding and there are programs in school that are evidence based. There is not a comprehensive policy approach,” Aly said.
Many of the health challenges adults in Ohio face today are rooted in experiences and conditions that could have been better addressed during childhood, according to Health Policy Institute of Ohio.
These missed opportunities to improve childhood health lead to less healthy lives and higher spending for adults in Ohio. In one example, the report said children who grow up without access to healthy food risk diabetes and heart disease as adults.
Shannon Jones, executive director of early childhood policy group Groundwork Ohio, said the report shows that only 20 percent of childhood health is affected by what happens in a clinical setting and the other 80 percent depends on other factors. She said the state needs to start evaluating policy through that lens.
“We’ve got some big challenges that we have to focus on and this helps provide a road map for policy makers,” Jones said.
The top priorities the report said need to be addressed are mental health and addiction, chronic disease and maternal and infant health.
Deborah Feldman, CEO of Dayton Children’s Hospital, presented on these issues Thursday in Columbus as part of the Vote for Ohio Kids Campaign, created by Groundwork Ohio and the Ohio Children’s Hospital Association.
Feldman said political candidates should make it a policy priority to address the top health issues children face, which are not only affected by clinical care but also other issues outside the hospital.
“We believe it begins with addressing those child health issues that really are beyond the walls sometimes of our hospitals,” Feldman said.
Some of the reports recommendations to policy makers include universal K-12 school based prevention programs for suicide awareness, violence prevention and social and emotional health.
To address behavioral health care gaps, higher education financial incentives for health professionals serving underserved areas were among the recommendations. The report also called for universal evidence-based behavioral health services in schools, which could include school-linked health centers.
Chronic disease rates and infant death rates were both high and contained sharp racial disparities. Black children were 4.3 times more likely to go to the ER related to asthma compared to white peers in 2016. Also in 2016, Ohio’s black infant mortality rate of 15.2 infant deaths per 1,000 live births was almost three times as high as the white rate of 5.8 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Black women in Ohio are also less likely to receive prenatal care during their first trimester of pregnancy and are more likely to deliver their baby preterm than white women.
For the widespread issue of childhood asthma, home visiting program workers could work with families to reduce home asthma triggers and educate on ways to manage asthma. Children with asthma could also be aided by better access to asthma medication and home improvement loans and grants to reduce asthma triggers at home.
More infants could be helped by evidence-based programs that support pregnant women and improve access to prenatal care, such as CenteringPregnancy. There’s also room to remove administrative and logistical barriers for women who want to access long-acting reversible contraception immediately after giving birth, with helps promote a safe space of time between pregnancies and improve birth outcomes.
The report also called for children to have a medical home, which is a model of primary care centered around on an ongoing relationship between the patient and provider.
Gregory Hopkins, executive director of Community Health Centers of Greater Dayton, said it can be easier to episodically go to an urgent care or some other convenient type of health care, but there’s a health benefit when children are taken to a medical home with a regular provider. The medical home can connect the children to other services from dental to behavioral health.
“That relationship with that primary care provider is important. They get to know you. They know your history. There’s a higher probability you’ll make a point to schedule that appointment,” Hopkins said.