States surrounding Ohio already have some left-lane laws in effect. In Indiana, the left lane is restricted to passing only, and in Kentucky, traffic must keep right except to pass in areas where the speed limit is at least 65. Pennsylvania is a little more lenient, as it allows left lane use in order to let other vehicles merge onto the highway. Michigan has drivers keep right except to pass heavy traffic or on three-lane highways.
Ohio's statehouse has focused mainly on speed limits in terms of keeping an eye on maintaining the state's highway traffic situation. Gov. John Kasich introduced legislation which would allow for variable speed limits depending on congestion in March. A report released by the Associated Press in November, however, noted there has been a spike in road-related fatalities in Ohio after the state increased the speed limit to 70 in rural areas in 2013.
Past studies have shown states that establish left-lane laws see a reduction in road rage incidents, but there has been no correlation noted between the adoption of left-lane laws and a reduction in road-related accidents or fatalities.
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