5 things to know about Gov. Kasich’s proposed state budget

Ohio Gov. John Kasich on Monday detailed his plans for spending more than $140 billion in state and federal funds over the next two years.

Explore RELATED: Complete coverage of state budget proposal

The massive plan heads to the Ohio House for introduction as a bill and then months of debate. A final version is expected to be approved by the House and Ohio Senate by June 30, which marks the end of the current fiscal year.

Here are some highlights of Kasich’s plan:

TAXES: The governor wants a 17 percent cut in income taxes through a dozen changes, including increasing the exemptions allowed for families making less than $80,000. Kasich also wants to simplify the state tax code by collapsing the number of tax brackets.

The governor, once again, is proposing higher tax rates for oil and gas producers — an idea that has not gotten traction from lawmakers in previous years.

Explore TAKE OUR POLL: Should Ohio raise sales, smoking, alcohol taxes to pay for income tax cut?

He is proposing increasing the state sales tax to 6.25 percent, up from the current 5.75 percent, and increase taxes on tobacco, beer and wine.

MEDICAID: Ohio Medicaid, a state and federally funded health care program for the poor and disabled, will cost $56.9 billion over two years — the largest item in the state budget.

Ohio will seek federal approval to charge a $20 per month premium for people on Medicaid who aren’t parents or pregnant.

Explore RELATED: Details of Gov. Kasich’s Medicaid plan

EDUCATION: K-12 education will see a small increase — $200 million in base support. Public college tuition, general fees and special fees will be frozen for two years and universities will be required to provide textbooks for students starting in the fall of 2018 but they'll be allowed to charge up to $300 per year to help offset those costs. Community colleges will be allowed to offer bachelor's degrees in specialized areas not currently covered by Ohio's four-year institutions.

Explore RELATED: Big changes in store for Ohio students

Kasich also wants to expand ways that high school students can earn college credit by allowing them to earn it for career exploration andc completion of approved pre-apprenticeship programs. And the governor wants to create a scholarship fund for adults who have dropped out of college to finish their degrees.

Explore RELATED: College tuition, fees would freeze under plan

JOBS & ECONOMY: Leverage libraries as centers for job training, allow businesses to file a single municipal tax return through the state rather than through multiple cities, and encourage workers to finish their post-high school credentials or college degrees so they're better prepared for the workforce.

TECHNOLOGY: Ohio will invest in technology needed to test self-driving cars on highways and introduce traffic management systems to keep vehicles moving during rush hour. The Kasich administration wants to authorize the Ohio Department of Transportation director to change highway speed limits day to day, hour by hour to help keep cars moving during peak times. Drivers hitting the brakes and changing lanes while trying to drive 65 miles per hour during rush hour cause traffic back ups, said ODOT Director Jerry Wray. ODOT also wants to experiment with opening the shoulder lane as a transportation lane during rush hour. The plan is to try out these ideas on I-670 in Columbus first before expanding it to other highways.

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