The U.S. Labor Department reported 6 million job openings in April and 5 million hires. So a million jobs are still open.
In April, there were 6.9 million unemployed. Sure, you say, they don’t have the skills for those million jobs. But isn’t that the point? Isn’t this the work we need to do — get those who cant find work trained and motivated?
And if we care about our nation’s future, we’ve got to look at the deeper social problems leading to pockets of chronic unemployment.
There are 1.7 million long-term unemployed. We have a growing population, disproportionately prime-age men, who have just dropped out of the labor force.
The black unemployment rate has been double the national average for the last half-century and that is roughly where it is today. Black youth ages 16 to 19 have an unemployment rate of 27.3 percent.
So, if I am nervous about government bureaucrats planning out apprenticeship programs, what can government do?
Trump is proposing the federal government put up $200 million to help firms make these apprenticeships happen. Good, but we can’t rely on new government spending to be the answer.
The answer is removing barriers. Here are two ways.
For one, consider vocational schools and training as part of education choice.
Senators Ted Cruz and Mike Lee introduced a bill, the Enhancing Educational Opportunities for All Students Act, in the last Congress that would permit use of funds that the federal government gives to school districts to help low-income children and use it to enable them to be able to attend the school of their choice.
Why should that $14 billion be locked in the public school system? Give a poor child a voucher, or the equivalent, that can be used to go to a vocational school. Businesses could joint venture and help finance and build the programs to train these kids.
So let’s dust off and pass the Enhancing Educational Opportunities bill. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos is the right person in the right place to help make this happen.
Second, let businesses use the funds they spend on training to count toward salary for purposes of the minimum wage. This would allow a firm to hire a young person and pay below minimum wage but also provide training, the value of which would hike the wage above the minimum. This is a way around the damage that the minimum wage causes and provide a platform for unskilled youth to get trained.
If we use government to make the marketplace more free and flexible, apprenticeships can help build a 21st-century American labor force.