The study attributes the increase to a widening understanding of discrimination. Greater access to Title IX information is also thought to be a factor that local colleges have often cited.
Gov. John Kasich in February asked the Ohio Department of Higher Education to review Title IX practices on college campuses after the Larry Nassar case came to light at Michigan State University. The department conducted a survey of all colleges with athletics programs and is compiling the results for future use, officials have said.
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There are 18 federal Title IX investigations currently active at Ohio colleges, including seven at Dayton area schools.
With three ongoing probes, Miami University and the College of Wooster had the most active investigations in the state, according to records from the U.S. Department of Education. Ohio State University and the University of Cincinnati which each have two active probes.
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By the numbers
150 to 300: Average number of annual complaints in early 1990s.
526: Number of complaints filed in 1999.
1,379: Number of complaints filed in 2013.
1,446: Number of complaints filed in 2014.
Source: Inside Higher Ed analysis of Yale University study.