What is State Issue 1?

State Issue 1 won easily: 3 things to know about the confusing proposal

Issue 1, which will make major changes to how Ohio draws district lines for members of Congress, easily passed in Tuesday’s election.

The issue, put on the ballot by the General Assembly by a bi-partisan vote of 83-10 in the House and a unanimous vote in the Senate, is supposed to create a fairer process. Here is what you need to understand about the impact of State Issue 1:

» WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: State Issue 1 wins easily; will change how Ohio draws Congressional lines

1. What’s the current system?

Currently, the General Assembly is in charge of drawing the congressional district maps every 10 years, which in practice gives the majority party control over the process.

2. How would Issue 1 change that system?

It’s confusing, so the Dayton Daily News will break it down for you. The proposal sets up a three-step process:

• The General Assembly may approve a 10-year map if a three-fifths majority in both the House and Senate agree, including at least half of the members of the minority and majority parties. It would require the governor’s signature.

• If the Legislature fails to adopt a map, the seven-member Ohio Redistricting Commission would take over. It may pass a 10-year map if it has at least four votes, including two from the minority party.

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• If the commission fails to act, the responsibility returns to the Legislature, which can pass a 10-year map with three-fifths majority vote, including one-third of the minority party members. It would require the governor’s signature.

3. So what happens if that process doesn’t result in a 10-year map?

If the three steps don’t result in a 10-year map, the majority party controlling the Legislature may adopt a four-year map, providing it follows guardrails to protect against unduly favoring a political party or incumbents and against splitting up counties into multiple congressional districts.