A group of clergy has expanded its civil rights complaint over the closure of Good Samaritan Hospital, asking the federal government to investigate whether the hospital’s parent company Premier Health’s pattern of where it invests is discriminatory.
The expanded complaint details more than $120 million spent on 16 Premier Health expansion and construction projects over the last five years in parts of the region that are whiter and wealthier than northwest Dayton, where Good Samaritan had operated.
“In fact, Premier has no such medical facilities in the African American community. It has left that community a health care desert,” the complaint states.
The complaint notes that rural Jamestown, with 2,000 mostly white residents, has a freestanding emergency department and other medical services through Premier Health. The clergy announced the expanded complaint Thursday from the offices of their attorneys, Advocates for Basic Legal Equality.
Premier Health said in a statement that its expansion efforts are focused on areas of population growth and on adding outpatient services — which is where health care is shifting to. The company stated it continues to serve the urban core and still owns the facility where Five Rivers Health Centers continues to operate on the former Good Samaritan campus.
Premier said it supports Five Rivers, which lets patients pay on an income-based sliding fee scale, by contributing about $4.5 million each year for its residency program.
The original complaint filed in May is still being investigated by the Office of Civil Rights with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
The investigators are gathering information and eventually will issue a decision on whether civil rights have been violated. If civil rights have been violated, the hospital would have to take corrective action or risk enforcement proceedings that could mean a loss of federal funding, which includes Medicaid and Medicare.
The original civil rights complaint was filed in May after Premier said it couldn’t justify having two hospitals in a city with a declining population and declining demand for inpatient services.
The clergy claim the closing of the 2222 Philadelphia Drive hospital will harm a majority black service area through the loss of maternity services, the ER and other major medical services, and would be in violation of the Civil Rights Act and the Affordable Care Act.
Premier Health had previously said that the health network “has been mindful of the community’s concerns from the very beginning of this process and has remained true to its mission throughout this transition.”
The health network leadership have said Good Samaritan’s buildings were inefficient and out-of-date.
The clergy’s position is Premier should continue to provide major health care services at the Good Samaritan site or it should be maintained and made available to be transferred to another organization.
Premier, CityWide Development and a planning firm called Planning NEXT are creating an outline for the redevelopment of the site and plan to tear down the hospital into a cleared site. Premier has pledged $10 million toward the site’s redevelopment.
When seeking community feedback for what should go on the former hospital site, one of the top categories of responses was for health care services, but the guidelines Premier set up for the process restrict the kind of health services allowed. Premier has also said if it transfers the property, the health network would deed restrict the property to prevent a future user from having inpatient beds.
Premier has also previously said that patients and employees from the neighborhoods around Good Samaritan area are already coming to Miami Valley Hospital, which shows there will still be access to hospital jobs and services.
The clergy have criticized the hospital closing as not only a loss of health care services but also another economic blow to the surrounding neighborhoods. When the closing announcement was made in January, the hospital employed 1,600 people on the main campus.
The Rev. Rockney Carter of Zion Baptist Church said there are people in the community who are marginalized and feel hopeless.
“It’s so overwhelming, they don’t feel a sense of being able to win. So what we’re trying to do with rallies and town halls is trying to galvanize and unite the community, because it is going to take the efforts of the community to turn Premier around,” Carter said.