Height, who spent her life fighting for equality and women’s rights, was the president of the National Council of Negro Women for 40 years, and also worked with the YWCA and the national Delta Sigma Theta sorority. An adviser to U.S. presidents and world leaders, she received 36 honorary doctorates and was recognized with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She also won the Congressional Gold Medal — the highest award given to civilians.
Height encouraged President Dwight D. Eisenhower to desegregate schools and President Lyndon B. Johnson to appoint African-American women to positions in government. She wrote a column called “A Woman’s Word” and authored the book, “Open Wide the Freedom Gates: A Memoir.”
The civil-rights icon always wore beautiful hats and became known for them. Several of Dr. Height’s hats were first exhibited in 2005 at the National Council of Negro Women’s annual Black Family Reunion in Washington, D.C. She founded the family event in 1986 to highlight the positive values of the African-American family.
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This hat is by designer Marsha Aikins. CONTRIBUTED/ZOEY BABCOCK
Forty-three of the 200 hats in the collection are on display at the DAI. You’ll also see historic photos of Height wearing these special hats on important occasions.
Not surprisingly, one of those who’ve enjoyed the current exhibit is Sharon Howard, now director of communications for Premier Heath. “I have to admit, it brought back so many memories of the ‘Crowns Hat Show’ that I hosted for more than 10 years,” Howard says. “Hats are such a part of African-American history, it’s hard to realize a time when hats were not a part of my life and the lives of my friends.”
Howard says many people outside of her culture notice the “art” of the church hat. “They love how our hats make a statement,” she says. “But in my community, the hat is a symbol of a ‘crown,’ i.e., the crown for the queen of black families, the mother. It is a symbol to honor the matriarch of families for the strength she provides.”
The exhibit echoes Howard’s thoughts. While hats were an intrinsic part of Height’s appearance, she always stressed that she “did not dress for success,” but out of respect for the values her mother taught her.
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Dorothy Height, a civil rights icon, always wore beautiful hats. CONTRIBUTED
Jerry Smith, the DAI’s chief curator, is responsible for bringing the hat show to Dayton. “We wanted to bring Dr. Height’s hats to the Dayton Art Institute as a way to celebrate her life, to share her story with our guests, and to enjoy the great variety of hats she wore,” he says. ” The hats are displayed on a pedestal under Plexiglas, and in doing this they appear like soft sculptures, each with its own style and particular aesthetic quality. I love seeing people responding so favorably to the various styles.”
Smith learned the hats were being shown publicly a couple years ago while working at a Florida museum. “It was an interesting idea, so I worked with the Dorothy I. Height Education Foundation in Washington, D.C., in the selection of the hats to create an exhibition suitable for an art museum,” he explains. “We are showing different styles and highlighting different milliners, or hat makers.”
Smith says the exhibition was popular in Florida, and after moving here in late 2017, he thought it would be something the Dayton community would enjoy as well. “I’m happy to say the response has been extremely favorable,” he says. “People enjoy the hats and like learning about Dr. Height. The hats, many made by top designers, are like sculptures in fabric and can be enjoyed as such. However, knowing who wore them makes each that much more significant.”
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This hat is titled “Seasons.” It was created by S&S Hat Company. CONTRIBUTED
The hat exhibit is the first of the museum’s centennial Focus Exhibitions. While the museum’s special exhibitions are typically large and expensive shows that take years to organize, the new Focus Exhibitions are concentrated presentations on a topic or individual artist, and typically will feature a smaller selection of art.
“They’re not large enough to fill our expansive Special Exhibition galleries, and they allow us the flexibility to showcase exceptional works of art and tell a variety of stories,” says Smith.
The most recent example is “Monet and Impressionism,” a current Focus Exhibition that features 14 works including three by Monet. That’s especially timely since Monet’s “Haystacks” just sold for $110.7 million, an auction high for an Impressionist work.
“To think of it another way,” concludes Smith, “Focus Exhibitions are the appetizer when compared to the main course of a special exhibition.”
HOW TO GO
What: "Dorothy Height's Hats," a collection of 43 hats worn by the civil rights icon
Where: Dayton Art Institute, 456 Belmonte Park North
When: Through June 23. Museum hours are 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Wednesday, Friday and Saturday; 11 a.m. to 8 p.m. Thursday and noon to 5 p.m. Sunday.
Admission: Included with the museum's suggested general admission: $8 for adults, $5 for seniors, groups and active military
More info: www.daytonartinstitute.org
This hat was worn by Dorothy Height when she presented a Human Rights Award to Eleanor Roosevelt in 1960. CONTRIBUTED/ZOEY BABCOCK