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Political protests, anti-war movements and social change often takes root on American college campuses. In the past, a crackdown on free speech sometimes came from university administrators but in recent years, political conservatives say college students often seek to shut down free speech.
The American Legislative Exchange Council, a conservative think tank, set up a Center to Protect Free Speech and is pushing model legislation eliminate free speech zones, protect counter-protesters from discipline for lawful expression, and allow people whose free speech rights have been violated to file suit.
The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees the right to free speech and press and the right of the people peaceably to assemble.