Singapore summit in spotlight, but in 1995, all eyes were on Dayton

The Unites States/North Korea summit between President Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un in Singapore this week has drawn the interest of nations across the world, just as the Dayton Peace Accords did more than two decades ago.

Dayton was in the international spotlight as an agreement was reached in 1995 by the presidents of Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia. The pact ended the war in Bosnia and outlined a General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

RELATED: Clinton coming to Dayton for peace accord anniversary

Here are five issues to know about the Dayton Peace Accords.

•WRIGHT-PATT HOSTS: Talks were headquartered at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and led by Richard Holbrooke, who was the chief U.S. peace negotiator, and Secretary of State Warren Christopher. They also included representatives from the the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, and the European Union.

RELATED: Photo gallery of anniversary of signing of Dayton Peace Accords

•SITE SELECTION: The air force base and its Hope Hotel were chosen for security reasons. It offered the opportunity to reduce the ability of participants to negotiate via the media rather than the bargaining table.

•HOW THE WAR STARTED: War broke out in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s following the dissolution of the Yugoslav federation, comprising Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia.

After Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina declared their independence from Yugoslavia, ethnic Serbs, who opposed the breakup of Serb-dominated Yugoslavia, launched armed struggles to carve out separate Serb-controlled territories in both areas. About that time, Croats and Bosniaks also began fighting each other, largely over territory.


•LENGTH OF TALKS: The conference began on Nov. 1, 1995 with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegović, Serbian President Milošević, Croatian President Franjo Tudjman. It ended 21 days later when all three foreign leaders agreed on the framework. The agreement was signed in Paris Dec. 14, 1995.

•CLINTON COMES TO DAYTON: Former President Bill Clinton, who was in office at the time of the accords, came to Dayton three years ago for the 20th anniversary celebration of the agreement. The event once again put Dayton in the spotlight as world leaders attended the event from Nov. 18-21.

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