Unlike a black eye or a broken nose, injuries caused by strangulation are often hidden. State Rep. Kristin Boggs, D-Columbus, said like a concussion, strangulation can cause long-lasting injuries, including brain damage that isn’t necessarily immediately apparent.
Ohio is among a few states that do not have strangulation statutes embedded within domestic violence laws. Gael Strack, head of the Alliance for Hope and a national advocate for stronger strangulation laws, said to Ohio: “Hurry up. There are only two states left — Ohio and South Carolina. This is a homicide prevention measure.”
Senate Bill 146 would expand the offense of domestic violence to prohibit choking a family or household member and classify it as a third degree felony. Under the bill, strangulation of a partner or family member would be elevated to a second degree felony if the offender has a prior conviction for domestic violence or two or more other violent offenses.
Ohio senators passed a similar bill in November 2018 but the legislation stalled in the Ohio House.
“Part of the way we pass legislation eventually is by introducing and having the conversation over and over again, debunking where there are misunderstandings, and keeping pushing forward,” said Antonio. “So, that’s what we’ll continue to do.”
Related: Other agencies offer help to victims of domestic violence
Current law defines domestic violence as occurring between spouses, ex-spouses, family members, those living together or parents and those in dating relationships.
Strack said domestic violence strangulation laws elevate the crime and provide training for police and prosecutors on how to identify, document and prosecute it. While it isn’t always obvious, police should interview witnesses, check to see if the victim urinated or defecated — a sign she passed out, listen for a raspy voice and look for other signs, Strack said.
“At the heart of it it is about power and control and telling the victim I have the power to kill you,” she said.
Pending legislation to address domestic violence in Ohio
HB3: Require local authorities to use risk assessment tools to determine who is at risk for esclating abuse; connecting victims with community resources; and improve protection for children present during abuse.
HB279/SB162: Eliminates the statute of limitations for prosecuting rape and eliminates a loophole for marital rape when the victim cannot consent because she or he is incapacitated.
HB335: Require firearms surrender from people subject to a civil or criminal domestic violence temporary protection order.
HB351: Allow victims of rape, domestic violence or other specific crimes to cancel their housing leases.
SB19/SB184/HB316: Allow family or police to get a court order to seize weapons from someone deemed to be a danger to themselves or others.
SB43: Increase the penalty for strangulation in domestic violence cases, mandate that all open domestic violence warrants be uploaded to police databases, bar people convicted of domestic violence from having a firearm.
SB146: Elevate the penalty for strangulation in domestic violence cases.
Source: Ohio Legislature